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Feature Article

Tony Baldini in his 'workroom' at Trefethen Vineyards.

Tony Baldini intuitively knew good soil from bad, where particular grapes would grow best, and how to care for the vineyards. Here he is in his 'workroom' at Trefethen Vineyards.

Oak Knoll District of Napa Valley (AVA)

Napa Valley Pioneers
Tony Baldini, Vineyard Genius

‘The kind of a guy who the vines can tell their hopes and fears to’, Tony Baldini Sr. masterminded many vineyard practices that produced award winning wines. His son, Tony Baldini Jr fills us in on his father's many accomplishments.

by Alan Goldfarb
June 12, 2007

They once named a then-revolutionary harvester after Tony Baldini. His work planting and managing the original 500 or so acres for Trefethen Vineyards eventually led to the formation of the Oak Knoll District AVA. And despite his home being picketed by the United Farmworkers, Baldini counted UFW leader César Chavez as one of his friends.

Despite not having a formal degree in the viticulture sciences, Tony Baldini was the type of farmer who could just look at a vine and know instinctually if it was going to produce good grapes or not.

Tony Baldini, it could be said, was a hell of a vineyard man, one of the pioneers in the halcyon days of the Napa Valley during its boom period of the 1970s and ‘80s.

Today, Baldini, who worked for Trefethen Vineyards from 1968 until he retired in 2000, is 78 years old and is suffering the ravages of Alzheimer’s disease. But his son Tony Jr. called recently to tell me about the work his father had done for the California wine industry, and to let people know not to forget his dad.

Tony Jr., one of Tony Baldini’s eight kids, works in the industry, as the brand manager for Don Sebastiani & Sons. One of the brands he oversees is one with the whimsical name of Screw Kappa Napa. It’s a clever play on words that some might think takes a good-natured poke at the Napa Valley. But as if to ensure that he only has the highest regard for the region – as does his dad – in about a one-hour telephone conversation, Tony Jr. was extremely effusive about both Napa and his father, who aided in putting the valley on the path to success.

He spoke of how Tony Sr. began his career as a “custom farmer” in Contra Costa County, east of San Francisco, for Henry J. Kaiser, the American industrialist, whose vision led to the formation of one of the largest HMOs in the country.

And he spoke of how Tony Baldini came to grow grapes in the Napa Valley, beginning in the early ‘60s when he consulted for Schramsberg, Domaine Chandon, Cakebread, Phelps, and Silver Oak.

ALAN GOLDFARB (AG): How did your dad come to the Napa Valley from Contra Costa County?

TONY BALDINI (TB): Gene (Trefethen) brought my father to Napa to convert prunes and apples to grapes on what would become Trefethen Vineyards.
Tony & Steve Baldini
Steve Baldini, former vineyard manager for Trefethen Vineyards consulted with his father Tony Baldini Sr. before Tony retired in 2000. (right).
My father pieced together this amalgam of all these crops and converted them into grapes. He transformed an old-school winery into a modern farm and vineyard.

AG: Your dad developed the mechanical grape harvester, which I think also led to some well-publicized labor strife in the Napa Valley?

TB: That’s right. It was a modified upright harvester. It was the first mechanical harvester. It was so successful that they called it the Baldini Original harvester.

He was selling most of the fruit to Domaine Chandon. My dad worked with them to make sure the mechanical harvester was employed. They needed cold temperatures for their whites and they didn’t want to harvest during the day. It was too warm.

From Dom. Chandon we supplied grapes to Schramsberg Vineyards . Another client was Cakebread Cellars. Jack (Cakebread) worked on a field crusher. Crushing was done in the field at night.

We had a lot of things going on in vineyards in terms of mechanization.

AG: The mechanization resulted in reduced labor costs. And that led to the labor problems?

TB: The UFW picked on Trefethen because it was one of the largest contiguous vineyards in Napa Valley. My dad met with César Chavez a few times and he will say, “César and I were good buddies,” (even though) the UFW picketed outside our house and carried banners that said, “Baldini Unfair.”

But when my dad was growing up in Contra Costa, a lot of his friends were Japanese and they were taken away to the internment camps, and I think it defined my dad. He’s sympathetic toward the ethnic diversity in the vineyards.

AG: What about his work in those days with early temperature and soil studies that identified micro-climates on the property, which eventually led to the sanctioning of the Oak Knoll District?

TB: The studies established the first identification of micro-climates. He took aerial photos of the vineyard and you can see where the plants are healthy and where they’re not; and you can see the
Aerial view Trefethen Vineyards
This aerial view of Trefethen Vineyards shows the Oak Knoll universe over which Tony Baldini Sr was master.
differences at Dry Creek (north of the city of Napa) and the Napa River, which helps define the border of Oak Knoll. That information was in the petition that went to the government (which eventually ruled in favor of the AVA).

AG: And his vine studies and rootstock propagation on behalf of UC Davis?

TB: The rows were identified in the vineyard. He would evaluate the vines. He’s not a scientific guy, but he (comes at it) from a qualitative approach, rather than a quantitative approach. … He went to Davis, left and got drafted during the Korean War, and never went back to school.

He’s the kind of guy who would look at a vine and say, “Yep, that’s healthy.” He worked on the back of the envelope. A long time ago when Janet met John (Trefethen) – my father helped introduce those two, by the way – Janet wrote a comment on the literature for Trefethen Vineyards. She said my dad is the kind of guy that the vines can tell their hopes and fears to. I remember him scooping up a bit of soil in his hand, breaking up the clods and saying, “Do you smell that?” He would pick up another and ask, “What’s the difference?” And he’d answer, “That piece of ground has nematodes (worms which harm vines) and there are a lot of things molding in there.”

AG: Tell me about those early steel grape stakes your father instituted at Trefethen.

TB: The stakes were destined for Vietnam for use in holding up concertina wire. We’ve always been very proud of them because they were Army surplus and Trefethen saved a lot of money. They are made of thick, heavy-gauge steel, they’re olive-drab in color, and you still see them around the vineyard.

AG: What else did your father accomplish?

TB: In the late ‘70s, he was president of the Napa Valley Farm Bureau, which predated the Napa Valley Grapegrowers and Napa Valley Vintners. He pushed for identification and separation of growers. There was a need for a specialized political and technical grape grower organization.

He saw the future in grapes when farms were being ripped out and replaced with houses. He pushed for a slow-growth initiative for grapes in the Napa Valley, which set rural limit boundaries. He was active in the Napa Valley Preserve.

AG: It’s a good thing because developers would love to get their hands on vineyard land and convert it to housing. Do you remember any anecdotes about how your dad convinced some people to plant grapes rather than build a house?

TB: I was with my father once when this guy came to him asking what he should do with his land. He was a typical city slicker. My dad said, “You should plant this,” and “you should plant that.” The guy looks at my dad and says, “You just saved me 10,000 bucks.” I thought, “Yeah, my dad really does know.”

Featured Wines

Monticello Vineyards|Corley Family Napa Valley 2006 Monticello Vineyards Merlot - Estate Grown There are subtle background tones of vanilla and oak which accent the fruit.
buy wine 750ml $34.00

Merryvale Vineyards 2004 Cabernet Sauvignon
buy wine 750ml $60.00


Reader Feedback

Reader Comments... [2]

Bruce Coulthard , Pres. CEO
Genesis-Soils.com, St. Helena, CA
I first me Tony in 1973 as a young equipment operator for Ewing Irrigation. We installed the frost protection system on the Trefethen Ranch. I will never forget the time at 4:00 in the afternoon (normal time to go home), he asked me to come with him to help him install a wooden structure in his new reservoir. We worked until 7:30 when it was complete. Now mind you he was quite a bit older than I, but he worked my tail into the ground until we had finished. I new better than to complain because of the respect that I and all the workers had for him. Many times I would ask Tony for his advise on the farming ideas that I had and each time he would take the time to hear me out and straighten me out. Because of his influence I ended up with nine mechanical grape harvesters, as a business in the early eighties. Tony helped so many people, I just thank him that I was one of them.

Baldini , Vineyard Planner
Trethethen, Napa, CA
This man is my grandfather. He is the most brilliant man I know. And it brought me to tears to see this article because he now can’t even remember accomplishing all these great things. I know Steve very well. One of my best friends.

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